Types Of Urinary Incontinence
The Good News:
Behavioral Therapy. Special exercises and changes in daily routines for improving bladder control may help most types of incontinence. Bladder training (gradually prolonging time between toilet visits) is often successful. Exercises to strengthen the sphincter muscles can help you regain and maintain continence without additional treatment. Pelvic floor exercises (or "Kegel exercises") help treat stress and urge incontinence through repeated contractions of the muscles that support your bladder.
Drug Therapy. Medicines can be prescribed to relax the bladder (if overactive) or tighten the sphincter (if underactive). Vaginal estrogen cream or timed-released suppositories can help women who have gone through menopause and have hormonal deficiency.
Devices. Non-surgical devices can be placed outside, within, or behind the urethra to keep it closed.
Injection Therapy. This treatment is an option for some cases of incontinence. Collagen, a natural substance, is often found in this procedure to bulk up the area around the urethra. This helps the internal seal close off the flow of urine.
Artificial Urinary Sphincter. This surgically-implanted device may be used if the sphincter muscle has been severely damaged.
Surgery. Surgery can restore the support of the pelvic floor muscles. Suspension and sling procedures create support for the urethra and bladder to prevent loss of urine. Suspension procedures use sutures or stitches, and sling procedures create a hammock-like bolster for support to cure incontinence. These procedures are highly successful.
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